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• Ultrasound is a non-invasive method of imaging which does not use X-ray, so it has no limitation in number of examination.
• Other advantage of ultrasound is an opportunity to examine multiple organs at once.
• US has no contraindications and appears one of the safest imaging option.
Usually, ultrasound is performed for examination of soft tissue, the abdominal cavity and the pelvis, the breasts, the heart, vessels and the thyroid.
US is usually ordered for work-up of such diseases as:
Inflammation, cysts, polyps, tumours, abscesses, peritonitis, development defect of various organs.
Heart diseases, valve defects, cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, infective endocarditis, pericarditis, myocardial infarction complications and pulmonary artery hypertension.
Cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, cirrhosis.
Inflammation and tumours of uterine, leiomyomas, endometriosis.
Dysplasia, hyperplasia of the lactiferous ducts, mammary fibroadenomas.
Nephrolithiasis and cholelithiasis, nephroptosis, pyelonephritis, kidney abscess, the suprarenal glands hyperplasia.
Chronic prostatitis, prostatic hypertrophy.
Autoimmune thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, diffuse goitre.
There are few limitations of US to maintain significant quality of the scanning.
- widespread inflammation of the skin above the area of examination;
- recent operation for the transrectal and transvaginal ultrasound;
- full stomach and intense gas-producing for abdominal ultrasound;
- menstrual period day mismatch with doctor`s order;
Ultrasound with modern equipment is performed in two way of scanning.
For superficial scanning physician applies special gel to the skin in purpose to improve contact between transducer and skin. Thus, ultrasonic waves easily pierce into the body. During transvaginal examination, a special transducer is used to achieve better quality and accuracy.
Before the test patient should take off the clothes above the area of examination and lie down on the couch. Depending on the US goal, physician would use different transducer, but anyway there are no pain during the ultrasonic scanning at all.
Ultrasound is a very safe and effective diagnostic technique, so it is widely used in children. This method does not provide any pain and any discomfort for child.
Generally, ultrasound can be performed in the day of first visit, some examinations still require additional preparations. You should carefully follow these instructions to achieve maximal efficacy of the scanning.
Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity
For few days before the ultrasound you should avoid gas-producing food and carbonated drinks and may take additional pancreatic enzyme drugs like Creon or Festal. The procedure is performed on an empty belly.
Ultrasound of the pelvic organs
Transabdominal US require full bladder and sometimes also cleansing enema. Transvaginal approach does not require special preparations.
Ultrasound of the prostate
Before transabdominal US you should not urinate for 4 hours and drink a litre of water in an hour before. Transrectal US requires only cleansing enema
Ultrasound of the bladder
You should not urinate for 4 hours and drink a lot of water in an hour before the examination.
Ultrasound of the breast
You should carefully follow doctor`s order and undergo US in the right day of the menstrual cycle.
Ultrasound of the thyroid does not require any preparations.
Specialist make an impression and write a report relying on US scanning.
Usually it takes a couple of minutes.
There are very few limitation for US and it does not include any radiation, thus it is a primary method in obstetrics and gynaecology. Women can undergo paid ultrasound in any gestational age.
One of subtype of ultrasound is Doppler colour imaging. This approach enhances accuracy of moving structure imaging such as the heart and vessels. 3D ultrasound produces three-dimensional model to improve the result of testing.
Expert ultrasound in pregnancy provide all needed information for precise fetal screening. It is performed with expert-level equipment by experienced specialists reducing the chance of malpractice. Expert ultrasound presents three-dimensional image with high detailed elaboration. In pregnancy, ultrasound should be performed multiple times on different gestation age to find any development disturbances as early as possible.
In Medscan diagnostic centers you can undergo paid ultrasound with modern high-tech devices. For the conclusive image and correct diagnose experience and skills of physician play a crucial role. Ultrasound in Moscow is performed by expert professionals with special training which permits to provide high quality service and the most precise result.